How can you distinguish a nutritious vegetable from a fodder vegetable? From this article you will find out which beets are the most useful for eating.
Beetroot is an ancient plant, one of the most common, which is eaten not only by humans, but by animals. Sugar is also made from beets.
- This plant differs in its species not only externally, but also in purpose.
- Industrial crops are used in animal husbandry, a dining room in the cook industry.
- What types of sugar beets are there? What distinctive features does she have in appearance? You will find answers to these questions in this article.
What is the difference between sugar beets and ordinary fodder visually: comparison, photoDifferent types of beets
First came wild beets. People ate only leaves, and the fruit was recognized as useless and tasteless. In the 16th century, beets were bred, which began to be used in cooking, and fodder - for feeding cows and goats.
Then the sugar appearance of this vegetable appeared, and sugar began to be obtained from it. After centuries of cultivation, breeders have several species of this fruit. There are currently 4 types of beets. Here is the visual difference, comparison and photo:
Canteen - it contains a lot of betaine, because of which the fruit is red. Therefore, it is used for cooking various dishes and in cosmetology. The fruit of this type of beet is bright red, rounded in shape. When it grows, the root is not visible from under the ground, only leaves. The tops are thick, the leaves are large.Beetroot
Fodder - It is used for feeding livestock, which produces milk. Thanks to this diet, milk yield increases and winter deficiency of vitamins is compensated. The fruit is light pink in color. When such a beet grows, its root-fruit rises above the ground. The tops are dense, but the leaves are small.Fodder beet
Sugar - This is a vegetable with good carbohydrate indicators, sugar is made from it. The cake remaining after squeezing the pulp goes to feed livestock. The root is a white fruit, with growth - half visible from under the ground. The tops are sparse, the leaves are plain and thin.Sugar beet
Sheet (Mangold) - grown for use as feed for cows and goats. The leaves of this type of beet are actively used in food, since they have a lot of protein. Eating root is not recommended. The root system is not visible during growth. The leaves are beautiful, large, green, with red or yellow veins.Beetroot - Mangold
Each type of beet has its own purpose. But each of them has been actively used by man for many centuries.
What is the difference between sugar beet and regular feed chemical composition: comparisonBeet
All types of this vegetable differ not only externally, according to the principle of growth, but also in chemical composition. Chemical and nutritional value are the main indicators that are paid attention to when using this fruit. Comparison of differences between sugar beet and regular feed chemical composition:
- Sugar content in root crops: in sugar - up to 20%, feed - 1-3%, canteen - 11-12%. The accumulation of sugar occurs due to special vascular fibers, which are not found in fodder beets, and the fruit has a small amount of a table type.
- Protein is found in large quantities in feed varieties - up to 9 grams. In sweet species it is not enough - from 0.12 grams in fodder beets and in ordinary - 1.7 grams.
- More carbohydrates in sugar root - up to 20 grams in 100 gram beets. Feed varieties - 5-8 grams.
In sugar varieties, in addition to sucrose, there are a lot of fructose, glucose, galactose and arabinose. These are complex carbohydrates for which any product is valued. Therefore, beets are considered a useful and nutritious fruit, with irreplaceable microelements and other substances.